2nd Battalion 11th Marines



2nd Battalion 11th Marines (2/11) is an artillery battalion comprised of four firing batteries (Echo, Fox, Golf, Kilo 3/12) and a Headquarters Battery. The battalion is stationed at Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, California and its primary weapon system is the M777 lightweight howitzer. The battalion was the first in the Marine Corps to fully transition from the M198 Howitzer. They fall under the 11th Marine Regiment and the 1st Marine Division.

Provide direct support of the 5th Marine Regiment in time of conflict. That support may come in the traditional fashion of artillery support to maneuver forces, or by providing batteries to serve as provisional rifle companies. They also have the secondary mission of being the primary providers of Civilian Military Operations (CMO). CMO is defined as the activities of the commander that establish, maintain, influence, or exploit relations between military organizations, Government and civilian organizations and the civilian populace.

The battalion was activated September 5, 1918 at Montierchame, France as the 2d Battalion, 11th Regiment. They were relocated during July-August 1919 to Hampton Roads, Virginia. and were deactivated August 11, 1919.

2/11 was reactivated on May 9, 1927 at Marine Corps Base Quantico, Virginia as the 2d Battalion, 11th Regiment. Deployed during May 1927 to Chinadenga, Nicaragua and assigned to the 2d Brigade. They participated in operations against dissidents in May-July 1927. They were redesignated July 1, 1927 as the 2d Separate Battalion, 11th Regiment and relocated to San Diego, California. The battalion was deactivated September 10, 1927. They were again reactivated on January 5, 1928 at San Diego, California as the 2d Battalion, 11th Regiment. The battalion deployed during January 1928 to Corinto, Nicaragua and assigned to the 2d Brigade. They were deactivated August 20, 1929 on board the USS Henderson while en route to the United States.

2/11 was again reactivated on January 1, at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba as the 2d Battalion, 11th Marines, 1st Brigade. Relocated during April 1941 to Parris Island, South Carolina. They deployed during June 1942 to Wellington, New Zealand. The battalion participated in the following World War II battles: Battle of Guadalcanal, Finschhafen, Battle of New Britain, Battle of Peleliu and the Battle of Okinawa. They redeployed during September 1945 to Tientsin, China and participated in the occupation of Northern China from September 1945 to December 1946.

They were reassigned during January 1947 to the Fleet Marine Force and redeployed during January - February 1947 to Guam. Relocated during April-May 1947 they moved to Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, California and were reassigned to the 3rd Marine Brigade. They were again reassigned during July 1947 to the 1st Marine Division and relocated during August 1947 to Marine Corps Logistics Base Barstow, California. 2/11 was deactivated on September 28, 1947.

The battalion was reactivated on August 7, 1950 at Camp Pendleton as the 2nd Battalion, 11th Marines, 1st Marine Division and deployed during August-September 1950 to Kobe, Japan. They participated in the Korean War, operating at Inchon-Seoul, the Chosin Reservoir, East Central front, Western front. They were stationed at the Korean Demilitarized Zone from July 1953-March 1955 and finally relocated during March 1955 to Camp Pendleton, California.

2/11 deployed during February-March 1966 to Camp Hansen, Okinawa. They again redeployed during May 1966 to the Republic of Vietnam and participated in the Vietnam War from May 1966 to March 1971, operating from Chu Lai, Tam Ky, Hue/Phu Bai, Thon Back Thack, Cao Doi and An Hoa. They returned in March-April 1971 to Camp Pendleton, California.

Deployed during December 1990 with Regimental Landing Team 5, 5th Marine Expeditionary Brigade to Southwest Asia. They participated in the defense of Saudi Arabia until January 1991 and proceeded to participate in the liberation of Kuwait in January - May 1991 operating in Um Guar Al-Juba, Al Wafrah. Following the war they took part in the Bangladesh relief effort Operation Sea Angel in May 1991. The battalion returned on June 29, 1991 to Camp Pendleton, California.

Deployed during January 2003 with the 1st Marine Division to Kuwait. Participated in Operation Iraqi Freedom as part of Regimental Combat Team 5. Relocated during August 2003 to Camp Pendleton, California. During August 2004, while operating as provisional military police, deployed with the 1st Marine Division to Ramadi, Iraq again in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. They returned to Camp Pendleton, California in May of 2005.

Awards

* Presidential Unit Citation Streamer with one silver and FOUR Bronze Stars
o World War II
+ Battle of Guadalcanal – 1942
+ Battle of Peleliu, Ngesebus – 1944
+ Battle of Okinawa – 1945
o Korean War
+ 1950, 1950, 1957
o Vietnam War
+ 1966, 1966-1967, 1967-1968
o Operation Iraqi Freedom – 2003
* Navy Unit Commendation Streamer with three Bronze Stars
o World War II
+ Cape Gloucester - 1943-1944
o Korea
+ 1952-1953
o Southwest Asia
+ 1990-1991
o OIF 2-2
+ 2003-2004
* Meritorious Unit Commendation Streamer with one Bronze Star
o Vietnam
+ 1968, 1994
* World War I Victory Streamer
* Second Nicaraguan Campaign Streamer
* American Defense Service Streamer with one Bronze Star
* Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Streamer with one Silver and one Bonze Star
* World War II Victory Streamer
* Navy Occupation Service Streamer with “ASIA”
* China Service Streamer
* National Defense Service Streamer with two Bronze Stars
* Korean Service Streamer with two Silver Stars
* Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamer
* Vietnam Service Streamer with two Silver and two Bronze Stars
* SouthWest Asia Service Streamer with two Bronze stars
* Korean Presidential Unit Citation Streamer
* Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm Streamer
* Vietnam Meritorious Unit Commendation Civil Actions StreamerPermission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, with no Front-Cover Texts, and with no Back-Cover Texts.
Virtual Magic is a human knowledge database blog. Text Based On Information From Wikipedia, Under The GNU Free Documentation License. Copyright (c) 2007 Virtual Magic. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.1 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License".

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