Asbury Park, New Jersey



Asbury Park is a city in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States. As of the United States 2000 Census, the city population was 16,930.

Asbury Park was originally incorporated as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 26, 1874, from portions of Ocean Township. The borough was reincorporated on February 28, 1893. Asbury Park was incorporated as a city, its current type of government, as of March 25, 1897.

Asbury Park is located at 40°13′21″N, 74°0′44″W (40.222399, -74.012098)GR1.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.1 km² (1.6 mi²). 3.7 km² (1.4 mi²) of it is land and 0.4 km² (0.2 mi²) of it (10.62%) is water.

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 16,930 people, 6,754 households, and 3,586 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,571.1/km² (11,842.0/mi²). There were 7,744 housing units at an average density of 2,090.9/km² (5,416.7/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 24.77% White, 62.11% African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.70% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 6.49% from other races, and 5.53% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.58% of the population.

There were 6,754 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 20.2% were married couples living together, 26.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.9% were non-families. 39.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.36.

In the city the population was spread out with 30.1% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 88.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $23,081, and the median income for a family was $26,370. Males had a median income of $27,081 versus $24,666 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,516. About 29.3% of families and 30.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.5% of those under age 18 and 27.1% of those age 65 or over.

A seaside resort town, Asbury Park once flourished. From the late 1800s until the 1960s, it was known as the "Jewel of the Jersey Shore." In the 1970s, Asbury Park (along with many other New Jersey cities) became a victim of race riots due to segregation and lack of opportunity for the city's large black community. This caused many residents to move out of the town. In the years to follow, businesses moved out and large parts of the city lay abandoned, so much so that a city manager called it 'Sarajevo-by-the-sea'.

In the past few years, there has been a resurgence in the Asbury Park real estate market as the town center has gradually become more gentrified as developers have begun various large redevelopment projects in different areas of the city.

From 2002 onward, Asbury Park has been in the midst of a cultural, political and economic revival led by a burgeoning industry of local and national artists. Its dilapidated downtown district has been revitalized, and the vacated beach front is undergoing a massive revitalization project. In 2005, the Casino's walkway re-opened, as did most of the boardwalk pavilions.

The redevelopment plans have come with controversy to many residents and supporters of Asbury Park because they call for the destruction of some historic sites, such as the Palace Amusements complex which featured the famous face of Tillie, a symbol of the Jersey Shore.

The City of Asbury Park is governed under the 1923 Municipal Manager Law.

The Asbury Park City Council consists of Mayor Kevin G. Sanders, Deputy Mayor James Bruno, Ed Johnson, James Keady and John Loffredo.

Asbury Park is in the Sixth Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 11th Legislative District.

New Jersey's Sixth Congressional District, covering portions of Middlesex County and Monmouth County, is represented by Frank Pallone (D). New Jersey is represented in the Senate by Frank Lautenberg (D, Cliffside Park) and Bob Menendez (D, Hoboken).

The 11th legislative district of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Joseph A. Palaia (R, Deal) and in the Assembly by Steve Corodemus (R, Atlantic Highlands) and Sean T. Kean (R, Wall Township). The Governor of New Jersey is Jon Corzine (D, Hoboken).

Monmouth County is governed by a five-member Board of Chosen Freeholders. Monmouth County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director William C. Barham, Freeholder Deputy Director Robert D. Clifton, Lillian G. Burry, Anna C. Little and Theodore J. Narozanick.

Asbury Park is considered to be a mecca for musicians, particularly for a subgenre of rock and roll known as the Jersey Shore sound. It is home to The Stone Pony, founded in 1974 and a starting point for many musical artists.

In particular, Asbury Park became famous after Bruce Springsteen released his debut album Greetings from Asbury Park, N.J. in 1973. On his follow-up album, The Wild, the Innocent and the E Street Shuffle, one of the songs is entitled "4th of July, Asbury Park (Sandy)".

In more recent years, Asbury Park has developed a reputation as a center of hip-hop culture in New Jersey. Rap artists such as Paul Wall and Method Man have recently performed in The Stone Pony as well as the city's historic Asbury Park Convention Hall. A growing number of independent rap and R&B artists originate from the area, including Black Wizard Entertainment, King Marv, Barbadu, and 7th Faction.

In the movie Dogma by Kevin Smith, God took the form of an old man in order to play skeeball in Asbury Park. This is in reference to Smith's earlier feature Chasing Amy, wherein the characters played by Ben Affleck and Joey Lauren Adams played the same game in what could be Asbury, but is more likely to be either Keansburg, Point Pleasant, or Seaside Heights, all of which have a large number of arcades with this game and a larger tourist draw than Asbury.

The city is also a hub of New Jersey gay culture and is a popular resort destination for gay men and lesbians throughout the Northeast. Highlights of the summer season include the Jersey Gay Pride festival and parade in June and the Roadtrip Weekend in August, along with a number of bars, nightclubs, and gay-owned or gay-friendly shops and restaurants open year round.

Professional wrestler, Bam Bam Bigelow who was born in Asbury Park, named his finishing maneuver, an over the shoulder reverse piledriver after the Springsteen song "Greetings from Asbury Park." in tribute to his home town.

Asbury Park's nightlife is primarily, but not all, rock oriented. The Stone Pony, the bar frequented by Bruce Springsteen, is still serving the rockers of the Jersey Shore. Southside Johnny and the Asbury Jukes, before going on to international fame, was the house band at the Stone Pony in the mid-seventies. On Main Avenue is the Saint, a small club that showcases some of the best local acts, established performers, such as Ben Folds, Jewel, and Cake, in the past. The Fast Lane, the club where Bon Jovi got his start, is still rocking too. Directly next door is Asbury Lanes, a bowling alley/punk rock club in which the shadowy lighting and vintage movies harbors the local hipster scene. On the other side is the Baronet, a vintage movie theater which dates back to Buster Keaton. Red Fusion, a restaurant and nightclub on Cookman Avenue, caters to the hip-hop crowd.

Popular with numerous Asbury Park residents and visitors is the monthly First Saturday event. On the first Saturday of every month, Asbury Park's downtown art galleries, home design studios, restaurants, antique shops, and clothing boutiques remain open throughout the evening, serving hors d'overs and offering entertainment, to showcase the city's residential and commercial resurgence.

There were, at one time, several hotels in the city. Many were demolished after years of sitting vacant, but some still exist.

Abandoned or Demolished:

* The Metropolitan Hotel & motel (vacant)
* The Ambassador Hotel (demolished)
* The Albion Hotel (demolished)

Currently Open:

* Berkeley-Carteret Hotel
* The Empress Hotel

Asbury Park's public schools are operated by Asbury Park Public Schools. The school district is an Abbott District.

In February of 2007, the offices of the Asbury Park Board of Education were raided by investigators from the State Attorney General's office, prompted by allegations of corruption and misuse of funds.

Notable current and former residents of Asbury Park include:

* Bud Abbott, straight-man for legendary comedy team Abbott and Costello was born in Asbury Park.
* Bam Bam Bigelow, professional wrestler (deceased).

* Stephen Crane, author of The Red Badge of Courage.
* Arthur Pryor, famous bandleaderPermission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, with no Front-Cover Texts, and with no Back-Cover Texts.
Virtual Magic is a human knowledge database blog. Text Based On Information From Wikipedia, Under The GNU Free Documentation License. Copyright (c) 2007 Virtual Magic. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.1 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License".

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