Manakin



The manakins are a family of some sixty small passerine bird species of subtropical and tropical mainland Central and South America, and Trinidad and Tobago.

These are compact forest birds, the males typically being brightly coloured, although the females of most species are duller and usually green-plumaged. Manakins feed on small fruits, berries and insects.

Many manakin species have spectacular lekking courtship rituals, which are especially elaborate in the genus Pipra. Manakins make buzzing, snapping, and other sounds with their wings, which are heavily modified in two species (the White-collared and Orange-collared Manakins). Nest-building, incubation for 18-21 days, and care of the young are undertaken by the female alone, since manakins do not form stable pairs. The normally clutch is two eggs.

Species list

* Genus Chloropipo
o Jet Manakin, Chloropipo unicolor
o Olive Manakin, Chloropipo uniformis
o Green Manakin, Chloropipo holochlora
o Yellow-headed Manakin, Chloropipo flavicapilla
* Genus Manacus
o White-collared Manakin, Manacus candei
o Orange-collared Manakin, Manacus aurantiacus
o Golden-collared Manakin, Manacus vitellinus
o White-bearded Manakin, Manacus manacus
* Genus Corapipo
o White-throated Manakin, Corapipo gutturalis
o White-ruffed Manakin, Corapipo altera
o White-bibbed Manakin, Corapipo leucorrhoa
* Genus Chiroxiphia
o Lance-tailed Manakin, Chiroxiphia lanceolata
o Long-tailed Manakin, Chiroxiphia linearis
o Blue-backed Manakin, Chiroxiphia pareola
o Yungas Manakin, Chiroxiphia boliviana
o Blue Manakin, Chiroxiphia caudata
* Genus Dixiphia
o White-crowned Manakin, Dixiphia pipra
* Genus Pipra
o Crimson-hooded Manakin, Pipra aureola
o Band-tailed Manakin, Pipra fasciicauda
o Wire-tailed Manakin, Pipra filicauda
o Blue-crowned Manakin, Pipra coronata
o Golden-headed Manakin, Pipra erythrocephala
o Red-capped Manakin, Pipra mentalis
o Red-headed Manakin, Pipra rubrocapilla
o Round-tailed Manakin, Pipra chloromeros
o Scarlet-horned Manakin, Pipra cornuta
o Opal-crowned Manakin, Pipra iris
o Blue-rumped Manakin, Pipra isidorei
o Golden-crowned Manakin, Pipra vilasboasi
o Snow-capped Manakin, Pipra nattereri
o Cerulean-capped Manakin, Pipra coeruleocapilla
* Genus Lepidothrix
o Tepui Manakin, Lepidothrix suavissima
o White-fronted Manakin, Lepidothrix serena
* Genus Antilophia
o Araripe Manakin, Antilophia bokermanni
o Helmeted Manakin, Antilophia galeata
* Genus Masius
o Golden-winged Manakin, Masius chrysopterus
* Genus Ilicura
o Pin-tailed Manakin, Ilicura militaris
* Genus Machaeropterus
o Fiery-capped Manakin, Machaeropterus pyrocephalus
o Striped Manakin, Machaeropterus regulus
o Club-winged Manakin, Machaeropterus deliciosus
* Genus Xenopipo
o Black Manakin, Xenopipo atronitens
* Genus Heterocercus, crested manakins
o Yellow-crested Manakin, Heterocercus flavivertex
o Orange-crested Manakin, Heterocercus aurantiivertex
o Flame-crested Manakin, Heterocercus linteatus
* Genus Neopelma, tyrant-manakins
o Saffron-crested Tyrant-manakin, Neopelma chrysocephalum
o Sulphur-bellied Tyrant-manakin, Neopelma sulphureiventer
o Pale-bellied Tyrant-manakin, Neopelma pallescens
o Wied's Tyrant-manakin, Neopelma aurifrons
* Genus Tyranneutes, tyrant-manakins
o Dwarf Tyrant-manakin, Tyranneutes stolzmanni
o Tiny Tyrant-manakin, Tyranneutes virescens
* Genus Piprites, Piprites
o Black-capped Piprites, Piprites pileatus
o Gray-headed Piprites, Piprites griseiceps
o Wing-barred Piprites, Piprites chlorisPermission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, with no Front-Cover Texts, and with no Back-Cover Texts.
Virtual Magic is a human knowledge database blog. Text Based On Information From Wikipedia, Under The GNU Free Documentation License. Copyright (c) 2007 Virtual Magic. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.1 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License".

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