The Smurfs

The Smurfs are a fictional group of small sky blue creatures who live somewhere in the forests of medieval Europe. The Belgian cartoonist Peyo introduced Smurfs to the world in a series of comic strips, but English-speakers perhaps know them best through the animated television series from Hanna-Barbera Productions, The Smurfs.

Peyo wrote a Franco-Belgian comics serial in Le Journal de Spirou called "Johan & Pirlouit" (translated to English as Johan and Peewit). The setting lies in the Middle Ages in Europe. Johan serves as a brave young page to the king, and Peewit (pronounced Pee-Wee) functions as his faithful, if boastful and cheating, midget sidekick.

On October 23, 1958, Peyo introduced a new set of characters to the "Johan & Pirlouit" story. This alone caused no great excitement, as the brave duo constantly encountered strange new people and places. This time, they had the mission of recovering a Magic Flute, which required some sorcery by the wizard Homnibus. And in this manner, they met a tiny, blue-skinned humanoid creature in white clothing called a schtroumpf, followed by his numerous peers who looked just like him, with an elderly leader who wore red clothing and a beard. The characters proved to be a huge success, and the first independent smurf stories appeared in Spirou in 1959, together with the first merchandising.

With the commercial success of The Smurf empire came the merchandising empire of Smurf miniatures, models, games, and toys. Entire collecting clubs devote themselves to collecting PVC Smurfs.

"Schtroumpf" is an invented word. The pronunciation of "Schtroumpf" in French is quite similar to the German word Strumpf (English sock), but there is no indication that this is more than a coincidence.

According to Peyo, the word came to him as he asked André Franquin for salt during lunch and, struggling to find the word that eluded him, finally managed to say "passe-moi le schtroumpf" ("pass me the smurf"). It would later be translated into nearly 30 languages and, in some of those languages, "schtroumpf" became "smurf" (see The Smurfs in other languages). The word "smurf" was first used in Dutch, as the comics were simultaneously published in French (in Spirou magazine) and Dutch (in Robbedoes, the Dutch translation of the magazine).

In several interviews in the early 1960s, Peyo stated that the Smurfs was his favourite series, but later his own preference went to his "Johan & Pirlouit" series, and he sometimes expressed exasperation with the overbearing success of the Smurfs.

This is the list of the original French-language comic issues. Some of them are anthologies of several stories.

* 01. Les Schtroumpfs noirs (The Dark Smurfs), Dupuis, 01/1963, ISBN 2-8001-0108-3
* 02. Le Schtroumpfissime (The Smurf King), Dupuis, 01/1965, ISBN 2-8001-0109-1
* 03. La Schtroumpfette (The Smurfette), Dupuis, 1975, ISBN 2-8001-0110-5
* 04. L'Œuf et les Schtroumpfs (The Egg and the Smurfs), Dupuis, 01/1968, 01/1967 ISBN 2-8001-3969-2
* 05. Les Schtroumpfs et le Cracoucass (The Smurfs and the Howlibird), Dupuis, 01/1969, ISBN 2-8001-0112-1
* 06. Le Cosmoschtroumpf (The Astrosmurf), Dupuis, 01/1970, ISBN 2-8001-0113-X
* 07. L'Apprenti Schtroumpf (The Smurf Apprentice), Dupuis, 01/1971, ISBN 2-8001-0114-8
* 08. Histoires de Schtroumpfs (Smurf Stories, an anthology of one-page humorous stories), Dupuis, 11/1972, ISBN 2-8001-0115-6
* 09. Schtroumpf Vert et Vert Schtroumpf (Smurf VS. Smurf), Dupuis, 01/1973 ISBN 2-8001-0324-8
* 10. La Soupe aux Schtroumpfs (Smurf Soup), Dupuis, 01/1976, ISBN, 2-8001-0510-0
* 11. Les Schtroumpfs Olympiques (The Olympic Smurfs), Dupuis, 03/1983 ISBN 2-8001-0769-3
* 12. Le Bébé Schtroumpf (Baby Smurf), Dupuis, 10/1984, ISBN 2-8001-1148-8
* 13. Les P'tits Schtroumpfs (The Smurflings), Dupuis, 04/1988, ISBN 2-8001-1569-6
* 14. L'Aéroschtroumpf (Aerosmurf), Cartoon creation, 01/1990, ISBN 2-87345-000-2
* 15. L'Étrange Réveil du Schtroumpf Paresseux (The Strange Awakening of Lazy Smurf), Cartoon creation, 04/1991, ISBN 2-87345-024-x
* 16. Le Schtroumpf Financier (Finance Smurf), Le Lombard, 11/1992, ISBN 2-8036-1017-5

Albums made after the death of Peyo, with help from his son :

* 17. Le Schtroumpfeur de Bijoux (The Jewel Smurfer), Le Lombard, 11/1994, ISBN 2-8036-1098-1
* 18. Docteur Schtroumpf (Doctor Smurf), Le Lombard, 10/1996, ISBN 2-80361-945-8
* 19. Le Schtroumpf Sauvage (The Wild Smurf), Le Lombard, 11/1998, ISBN 2-80361-351-4
* 20. La Menace Schtroumpf (The Smurf Menace), Le Lombard, 11/2000, ISBN 2-80361-516-9
* 21. On ne Schtroumpfe pas le Progrès (You Don't Smurf Progress), Le Lombard, 11/2002, ISBN 2-80361-773-0
* 22. Le Schtroumpf Reporter (Reporter Smurf), Le Lombard, 11/2003, ISBN 2-80361-900-8
* 23. Les Schtroumpfs Joueurs (The Gambler Smurfs), Le Lombard, 01/2005 ISBN 2-80362-005-7
* 24. Salade de Schtroumpfs (Smurf Salad), Le Lombard, 01/2006 ISBN 2-80362-155-x
* 25. Un Enfant chez les Schtroumpfs (A Child at the Smurfs), Le Lombard, 01/2007 ISBN 2-80362-242-4

The storylines tend to be simple tales of bold adventure. The cast has a simple structure as well: almost all the characters look essentially alike — male, very short (just "three apples tall"), with blue skin, white trousers with a hole for their short tails, white hat in the style of a Phrygian cap, and some additional accessory that identifies each one's personality. (For instance, Handy Smurf wears overalls instead of the standard trousers, a brimmed hat, and a pencil above his ear). Smurfs can walk and run, but often move by skipping on both feet. They love to eat smilax leaves, whose berries the smurfs naturally call smurfberries.

The male Smurfs almost never appear without their hats, which leaves a mystery amongst the fans as to whether they have hair or not. The animated series canon state that they may be bald: one episode of the Hanna-Barbera cartoon has Greedy Smurf removing his chef's hat to give Papa Smurf a pie he had concealed under it, revealing a bald head. Another episode, St. Smurf and the Dragon, shows Hefty Smurf's hat rising up off his bald head briefly as he and others slide to a stop. Both Papa Smurf and Grandpa Smurf have full beards and hair visibly coming from under their hats above the earline. In The Smurfs and the Magic Flute, a Smurf took off his hat briefly for a polite gesture.

In the comics, the last page of first album Les Schtroumpfs noirs (The Black Smurfs) shows Papa Smurf's hat blown off by an explosion, revealing his completely bald head (which may simply be due to old age). In Le Schtroumpfeur de Bijoux (The Jewel Smurfer), Jokey Smurf gets very angry and defensive when a human tells him he should take off his hat.

The smurfs fulfill simple archetypes of everyday people: Lazy Smurf, Grouchy Smurf, Brainy Smurf, and so on. All smurfs but Papa, Baby, Nanny and Grandpa are said to be 100 years old, and there are normally 100 smurfs (but this number increases as new smurf characters appear: smurflings, Nanny, etc).

A characteristic of the smurf language is the frequent use of the word "smurf" and derivatives of it in a variety of meanings. The smurfs replace enough nouns and verbs in everyday speech with smurf as to make their conversations barely understandable: "We're going smurfing on the River Smurf today."

It was implied a number of times that the smurfs all understood each other due to subtle variations in intonation that Johan or PeeWit (or the viewers) could not detect.

So that the viewer of the animated series is able to understand the Smurfs, only some words (or a portion of the word) is replaced with the word "smurf". Context offers a reliable understanding of this speech pattern, but common vocabulary includes remarking that something is "just smurfy" or "smurftastic".

In Schtroumpf vert et vert Schtroumpf, published in Belgium in 1972, it was revealed that the village was divided between North and South and that the smurfs on either side had different ideas as to whether the term "smurf" should be used as a verb or as a noun: for instance, the northern smurfs call a certain object a "bottle opsmurf", while the southern smurfs call it a "smurf opener".

Papa Smurf himself kept out of the argument, having more important things on his mind. But when the conflict led to all-out war he had to resort to desperate measures to restore order.

This story is considered as a parody on the taalstrijd (language war) between French (Walloon) and Dutch speaking (Flemish) communities still present in Belgium.

The Smurfs live in houses made from mushrooms or houses that just look like mushrooms (often made of stone), somewhere in the middle of a deep forest. Johan and Peewit would make visits, as well as a number of other forest natives.

It is not possible for a human to find the smurf village except when led by a smurf.

In 1965, a black-and-white 90-minute animated film was made about the smurfs, Les Aventures des Schtroumpfs. It consisted of seven short cartoons made in the previous years for diffusion on the Walloon TV and was shown in some cinemas in Belgium. It received little attention, and not much is known about it. At least some of these shorts have been translated in Dutch and German.

However, in 1976, La Flûte à six schtroumpfs (an adaptation of the original "Johan and Peewit" story) was released. Michel Legrand provided the musical score to the film. The film would in 1983 be released in the United States in an English language dubbed version, produced by Stuart R. Ross in association with First Performance Pictures Corp, and titled The Smurfs and the Magic Flute. The film was distributed theatrically in North America by Atlantic Releasing Corp., on VHS by Vestron and syndicated on television by Tribune Entertainment. A few more long smurf movies were made, most notably The Baby Smurf and Here are the Smurfs, which was later broken into a few episodes of the Hanna-Barbera TV cartoon series.

Paramount Pictures has announced it plans to begin a trilogy of 3D computer animated Smurf films, the first to be released in 2008 through its Nickelodeon Films banner. The project had been in various stages of development since 2003. The new movie is planned to coincide with the 50th anniversary of the Smurfs.

In 1976, Stuart R. Ross, an American media and entertainment entrepreneur who saw the Smurfs while travelling in Belgium, entered into an agreement with Editions Dupuis and Peyo, acquiring North American and other rights to the characters. Subsequently, Ross launched the Smurfs in the United States in association with a California company, Wallace Berrie and Co., whose figurines, dolls and other Smurf merchandise became a hugely popular success. NBC television executive Fred Silverman's daughter had a Smurf doll of her own, and Silverman thought that a series based on the Smurfs might make a good addition to his Saturday-morning lineup.

The Smurfs secured their place in North American pop culture in 1981, when the Saturday-morning cartoon, The Smurfs, produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions, finally debuted on NBC from 1981 to 1990. The show became a major success for NBC, spawning spin-off television specials on an almost yearly basis. The Smurfs was nominated multiple times for Daytime Emmy awards, and won Outstanding Children's Entertainment Series in 1982–1983. The Smurfs television show enjoyed continued success until 1990, when, after a decade of success, NBC cancelled it due to decreasing ratings. The series currently airs in reruns on Boomerang, and 26 selected episodes were aired in DiC Entertainment's syndicated programming blocks. The series is still being shown regularly on many channels throughout the world. The cartoon was formerly distributed by Television Program Enterprises (the later name of Rysher Entertainment) and WorldVision Enterprises, Inc. by having some episodes with those company names. The cartoon is now distributed by Warner Bros. Television.

Warner Bros. has announced its tentative plans to start releasing the complete Smurfs Cartoon series on DVD in the United States in season box sets in 2007 .


* Don Messick: Papa Smurf, Azrael, Dreamy, Sleepy
* Paul Winchell: Gargamel, Baby Smurf, Nosey
* Lucille Bliss: Smurfette
* Barry Gordon and Danny Goldman: Brainy
* Frank Welker: Clockwork Smurf, Hefty, Peewit, Poet, Puppy
* William Callaway: Clumsy, Painter
* Alan Young: Miner, Farmer, Scaredy
* Hamilton Camp: Greedy, Harmony
* Michael Bell: Grouchy, Handy, Lazy, Johan
* June Foray: Jokey, Mother Nature
* Linda Gary: Dame Barbara
* Laddi: All the characters in the Icelandic version

The Smurfs was noted for its frequent use of classical music as background music or themes for particular events. Notable works found in the Smurfs include:

* Modeste Mussorgsky, Pictures at an Exhibition: Gnomus, Tuileries, Gargamel's theme variation about 1.5 minutes in, and a scene segue part about 10 minutes in, are used in the cartoon[4].
* Ludwig van Beethoven, Piano Sonata No. 14 (better known as the Moonlight Sonata). The 3rd movement (Presto agitato) is frequently used in scenes where the Smurfs are in danger, or which otherwise have a great deal of dramatic tension
* Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, The Magic Flute.
* Franz Schubert, Symphony No. 8 ("Unfinished"). Used as theme music for Gargamel.
* Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, The Nutcracker
* Edvard Grieg, In the Hall of the Mountain King
* Franz Liszt, Piano Concerto No. 1

Dupuis, editor of the Smurf comics, first produced smurf figurines from 1959 on. The first one was a series of three 5 cm tall figurines (Papa, Normal and Angry), followed in the next decade by some larger figurines. Those were only for sale in French- and Dutch-speaking countries. In 1965, Schleich, a German company, made the first truly mass-produced PVC Smurf collectible figurines (the first three being Normal Smurf, Gold Smurf and Convict Smurf (complete with black-and-white striped prisoner's outfit). In 1966, Spy Smurf, Angry Smurf, and Drummer Smurf appeared. In 1969, five more smurfs followed: Moon Smurf, Winter Smurf, Brainy Smurf, Guitar Smurf, and Papa Smurf. In the 1970s, smurfs were also produced by rival German company Bully. The first of these figurines were made as a promotion for Kellogg's, but were afterwards sold separately.

Neither Convict Smurf nor Spy Smurf ever appeared in the animated television series as separate entities, although both spy smurfs and convicted Smurfs played a minor role in the original second issue of the comic, "Le Schtroumpfissime" ("King Smurf"). In this story, Papa Smurf leaves the village and a clever smurf (Brainy in the cartoon) manages to gain power by winning an election through exaggerated election promises, and later turns into a dictator-type king. Jokey Smurf is arrested for having a bomb explode in the megalomaniacal dictator smurf's face and is thrown in jail with the Sing-Sing-type striped outfit. Later, the Spy Smurfs manage to liberate the political prisoner, while Brainy Smurf gets captured in the process. A running gag through the comic is that no-one is interested in liberating Brainy Smurf.

For a while advertisers used Smurfs to promote Renault, National Benzol, and BP garages and—in the United Kingdom, South Africa, Australia, and New Zealand at least—the figurines were given away when petrol (gasoline) was purchased.

A scare story that claimed Smurf figurines used leaded paint circulated in Britain in the 1970s, leading Jonathan King to release a single, "Lick a Smurp for Christmas (All Fall Down)" under the name of Father Abraphart and the Smurps. This was a parody of "The Smurf Song" by Father Abraham and the Smurfs, a worldwide hit single. The lead paint scare was brought about by a group of people in the marketing department of National Benzole who decided to outsource some smurf figurines to be made in Hong Kong instead of Europe, just four or five different lines. It was later discovered that these had been produced without adhering to the necessary quality standards so they were deemed possibly unsafe. Paint dots were then introduced on the feet of PVC figurines so that they could identify the ones with paint dots as having passed quality control tests and they were also given different colors according to the different countries they were produced in. An article in The Times dated 4 October 1978 said that tests by the Department of Health showed there was no significant risk, so National Benzole then resumed sales of smurf figures from garage forecourts within the UK.

Many people do not realise that the Smurf figurines given away with the petrol promotions actually still continue in production today. The popularity of the smurfs in countries such as Belgium and Germany has never waned, and Smurf collecting has become a growing hobby worldwide, with 400 different figures produced so far. New Smurf figures continue to appear: in fact, only in two years since 1969 (1991 and 1998) have no new smurfs entered the market. Schleich's release of 2005 Smurfs sees a return to the "classic" smurf characters, with new figurines of Papa, Smurfette, Grouchy, Brainy, Vanity, Jokey, Harmony, and Baby Smurf. The 2006 Halloween series includes the horror characters Dracula Smurf, Ghost Smurf, Werewolf Smurf, Mummy Smurf, Grim Reaper Smurf, Frankenstein Smurf, Witch Smurfette and Pumpkinhead Smurf, while the 2007 Native American series brings us eight new figures: Canoe Smurf, Spear Smurf, Archer Smurf, Rain Dancer Smurf, Peace Pipe Smurf, Medicine Man Smurf, Indian Smurfette and Chief Smurf.

For several years, the Smurfs were the children's act in the Ice Capades travelling ice show; for many years after they were retired from that function, the smurf suits from the show were issued to Ice Capades Chalets, the show's subsidiary chain of ice rinks, lasting until the show was sold to a group of investors led by Dorothy Hamill, and the Chalets were sold to Recreation World. The Smurfette suit in particular had a somewhat different hairstyle from what was portrayed in the Hanna-Barbera cartoons.

Around 1984, the Smurfs began appearing in North American theme parks owned by Kings Entertainment. Each park featured a Smurfy attraction and Smurf walk-around figures. (This collection of parks was formerly owned by the Taft Corporation and were sold to Paramount in the early 1990s.)

Kings Island At Kings Island near Cincinnati, Ohio, The Smurfs' Enchanted Voyage opened in 1984. It was similar to Disney's "It's A Small World." People would ride in a boat around the world of the Smurfs celebrating the seasons of Winter, Fall, Summer, and Spring. It was removed during the 1991 season.

Kings Dominion The earlier Land of the Dooz Mine Train attraction became Smurf Mountain. It was eventually closed to make room for the popular Volcano: The Blast Coaster.

Great America Opening in 1987, Smurf Woods features a pint-sized steel coaster, The Blue Streak (now called Rugrats™ Runaway Reptar™).

Carowinds In 1984, Carowinds added Smurf Island, which was a children’s play area located on the 1.3-acre island surrounded by the Carolina Sternwheeler. Access to Smurf Island was gained in one of two ways – across the Carolina Sternwheeler and a ramp built on the island side of the boat, or on diesel-powered “Smurf Boats” launched from the area beside Harmony Hall. Children could enjoy two ball crawls and a climbing area complete with ropes, cargo nets, wood platforms, a rope tunnel and a 60-foot tubular slide. Smurf characters roamed the island and led guests to the hidden Smurf village with four Smurf houses that children could enter. Smurf Island was eventually closed, and later demolished to make space for the BORG Assimilator, a Star Trek themed flying roller coaster. The Borg has been running since the beginning of the 2004 season.

Canada's Wonderland At Canada's Wonderland near Toronto, Smurf Village opened in 1984. It was a walk-through attraction that had previously been Yogi's Forest since the park opened in 1981. Smurf Village closed in the early 1990s and became an arcade, before being converted into a Candy Store during the 1998 Kidzville make-over.

The Smurfs have appeared in video games made for most major game consoles (including Nintendo's NES, Super NES, and Game Boy systems; Atari, Colecovision, Sega's Game Gear, Master System, Mega Drive and Mega CD systems; and the original Sony PlayStation) and for the PC.

In 2005, an advertisement featuring The Smurfs was aired in Belgium in which the smurf village is annihilated by warplanes. Designed as a UNICEF advertisement, and with the approval of the family of the Smurfs' late creator Peyo, the 25-second episode was shown on the national evening news after the 9pm timeslot to avoid children seeing it. The scene starts with happy peaceful Smurfs and butterflies, who are then bombed by warplanes, ending with a lone Baby Smurf surrounded by prone (presumably dead) Smurfs. The final frame bears the message: "Don't let war affect the lives of children." It was the keystone in a fund-raising campaign by UNICEF's Belgian arm to raise €100,000 for the rehabilitation of former child soldiers in Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo—both former Belgian colonies. The episode was controversial with some children, parents, and concerned citizens. UNICEF spokesman Philippe Henon had stated that 70% of all feedback was positive.

* The Astrosniks were a similar fictional race with a space-based theme, made by figurine company Bully after they lost the license to the smurfs.

* The Biskitts were a group of tiny canines who lived on Biskitt Island and were committed to guarding the crown jewels of Biskitt Castle. Modeled after Robin Hood, the diminutive dogs still served their recently deceased king while performing good deeds for the underprivileged inhabitants of their tiny island. Series was created by Hanna-Barbera.

* The Snorks were a similar, though less popular, fictional creatures that lived underwater and had snorkel-shaped protrusions on their heads. They were also based on a Belgian comic and had an animated series that was created by Hanna-Barbera.

* The Littl' Bits were a fictional race of tiny forest people that resemble smurfs in their size and naming convention.

* The Minish also known as Picori, are small creatures in the videogame The Legend of Zelda: The Minish Cap

* The Nac Mac Feegle or Wee Free Men of Terry Pratchett's Discworld series. They are not smurfs, but they do have a smurf-like appearance due to their small size and blue skin-tattoos.

* The Gnome Family, produced by Empire, was an apparent Smurf knock-off that some misidentify as smurfs. They are similar 2.5 inch high PVC figurines, wear similar hats and pants, and are available in over 100 different models. Their skin and clothing can be found in many different colors however.

* The Schlips (French original sp., or "Swoofs" in the American printing), in Astro Smurf (Cosmoschtroumpf) are smurfs turned into brown-skinned pygmies by a Papa Smurf magic potion in order to simulate the inhabitants of another planet.

* The Snerfs are Muppet characters from the 1960s and 1970. They were usually blue with trumpet snouts, as well as brown with big nose.

* The short-lived 1980s children's TV show FTV (hosted by Don Felder of The Eagles) featured parodies of popular music videos, including at least one parody that featured Smurf-like characters called Snerds.

* The Smuffs from Tiny Toons

* The Smurks from a series of Ebolaworld, a satirical parody of The Smurfs, which created by Sam T. was forced to remove after the copyright holders threatened to sue.

* Father Abraham (actually Pierre Kartner), a Dutch singer, wrote and performed the "Smurfenlied" ("Smurf Song"), which became an instant hit in the German-language area in the late 1970s. It consisted of a question-and-answer dialogue between Father Abraham and a couple of Smurf puppets.
* The Smurf was also a fad dance in the late 1980s, preserved for the ages by numerous references made by the Beastie Boys on the records of that era. Like similar fad dances the Running Man and the Roger Rabbit, it aped the movements of the characters it was named for.
* In 1979 the pop impresario Jonathan King scored a minor hit single under the pseudonym Father Abraphart and the Smurps entitled 'Lick a Smurp for Christmas (All Fall Down)', a parody of Father Abraham and the Smurfs. The title of the song referred to the fact that some Smurfs toys had been painted using lead paint, and that young children had been falling ill from placing them in their mouths.
* Another parody of the song was performed by German comedian Otto Waalkes, who made the Smurf puppets give very rude or socially questionable answers to his inquiries.
* German band Die Ärzte hosts a song about the smurfs, "Schlümpfe" ("Smurfs"), and others that make references to this song, such as "Leichenhalle" ("Mortuary"), in which the lead singer asks the smurfs where they come from, to which they answer: "Aus Schlumpfhausen, bitte sehr!" ("From Smurf Town, if you please!").

* The Smurfs are mentioned in the Rugrats episode, "Together At Last" when blue paint gets dumped on one of the teenage painters.

* On a Biker Mice From Mars episode called "We Don't Need No Stinkin City", Lawrence asks Karbunkle to get some assistant help and karbunkle asks if its the smurfs and lawrence says dismiss those little small timers from your mind.

* The Smurfs arise prominently in Richard Linklater's Slacker, as two twentysomething Austinites discuss the ideological implications of tiny blue communal men.

* The Smurfs are referred to in a scene in the movie Donnie Darko, where Donnie and his friends discuss the Smurfs' sexual behavior in a vulgar fashion. Donnie finally concludes that The Smurfs must be asexual.

* In 2003 the animation studio TV Funhouse produced a spoof of the original series, in which Smurfette was shown as a parody of The Anna Nicole Show and ended up getting a yeast infection. The animated short was later shown on NBC's Saturday Night Live.

* Making a parody of NBC's constant creation of bizarre miniseries, Saturday Night Live used the Smurfs as an example. The sketch ended with a disclaimer stating "For legal reasons, "Smurfs" may be called "Blurfs."[citation needed]

* In the pilot episode of Comedy Central's Drawn Together, two Smurfs appear as knife-wielding pit fighters. In the episode "Freaks & Greeks", their village is shown being decimated by a lawnmower.

* In Season 2 Episode 13 of the TV show Robot Chicken, a smurf-based spoof of the movie Se7en has Brainy trying to figure out who's been murdering the Smurfs.

* In an episode of The Venture Bros., an argument arises between two henchmen over whether Smurfs are mammals or egg-laying creatures.

* In the 2001 war drama, No Man's Land , Academy Award winner for Best Foreign Language Film, United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) members were mockingly named Smurfs because of their outfits.

* In The Simpsons episode "Simpsons Roasting on an Open Fire", Bart tries to convince Homer to bet in a horse race in order to use the earnings for Christmas. He says, "If TV has taught me anything, it's that miracles always happen to poor kids at Christmas. It happened to Tiny Tim, it happened to Charlie Brown, it happened to the Smurfs, and it's going to happen to us!" Also, in the episode "Trilogy of Error", Homer drunkenly exclaims "Have you ever heard of this Blue Man Group? Total ripoff of the Smurfs! And the Smurfs, they suck!" before passing out. In the episode "Kiss Kiss, Bang Bangalore", Homer is looking at a chart of the Hindu gods and refers to a bearded Shiva as "Papa Smurf."

* In the second episode of the first series of Little Britain Andy persuades Lou to buy him a large smurf outfit, and then wears it to dinner at an expensive restaurant.

* The Vicar of Dibley Comic Relief Special 2005 centred around a Papa Smurf figurine being valued in an Antiques Roadshow sketch.

* In the first episode of the second season of Lovejoy (1991) the character Tinker refers to a Smurf as "something that's not what it seems", in this case an antique that had been used to smuggle illegal goods into the country.

* In "Emission Impossible", an episode of Family Guy, two smurfs are shown on the bedroom TV. One smurf is detailing to the other about his explicit encounter with Smurfette the night before. Their verbal usage of "smurf" is a replacement for the obvious expletives and slang they would otherwise be using.

* Rapper Ice Cube mentions Smurfette in the song "Gangsta's Fairytale".

* The unique blue artificial turf playing surface at Bronco Stadium on the campus of Boise State University in Boise, Idaho is frequently called "Smurf Turf".

* In BUD/S training for the Navy SEALs the members of a class are divided into boat crews according to height. The boat crew containing the class's shortest members is traditionally named "the Smurfs." The leader of this crew is nicknamed "Papa Smurf."

* The Ultramarines, a Space Marine army in the tabletop wargame Warhammer 40,000 are frequently referred to amongst hobbyists as "Smurfs" due to their blue coloration and use by newer gamers. Also, the conventional abbreviation of "Space Marine" is "SM", further strenthening the allegory.

* In Chris Rice's song, Cartoons, The smurfs are referred to as "All those little blue guys" and they start to sing, "Hah-la-la-la-la-la-la-lay-la-lay-loo-yah." It is a Christian song, trying to explain what would happen if cartoon characters accepted Jesus Christ.

* In "Show Me The Funny", Canadian comedian Russell Peters said, "You know what I've noticed? Is that nobody was ever racist towards Smurfs. They're tiny, they're blue and they share only one woman." And then he starts chanting "Smurfette was a hoe! Smurfette was a hoe!"

* A classic Folk song, "Smurfin' Safari", by Folk legend Tom Smith, swings back and forth between affection and mockery for the Smurfs through a musical deconstruction of various Beach Boys songs.

* Australian musical comedy act Tripod performs a song titled The Ballad Of Floor Buffer Smurf.

* In an episode of Scrubs, J.D. retorts to Turk, "That's the way I Smurf, baby."

* In episode "Underneath" of Angel, demon goddess Illyria complains about the fact that Wesley calls her a Smurf. Fans often call her "Smurf Goddess".

* In the Season 1 episode The Links of The O.C., Seth and Anna watch and discuss the Smurfs, with Seth informing Anna and Summer that they are "three apples" tall.

* The Smurfs in the episode "The Purple Smurf" were originally black. They changed it because black Smurfs could be seen as racist.Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, with no Front-Cover Texts, and with no Back-Cover Texts.
Virtual Magic is a human knowledge database blog. Text Based On Information From Wikipedia, Under The GNU Free Documentation License. Copyright (c) 2007 Virtual Magic. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.1 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License".

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