MBB Bo 105



The Bo 105 is a light, twin-engine, multi-purpose utility helicopter developed by Bölkow of Stuttgart, Germany. Production began under Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm (MBB), which became a part of Eurocopter in 1991. Eurocopter continued to produce the Bo 105 until 1997. It was replaced in the product line by the EC 135.

The four-blade hingeless main rotor with composite blades ensures high maneuverability. All main systems (hydraulics, electric, fuel, lubrication) were designed to be fully redundant.

Being the first light twin-engined helicopter in commercial service, it gained widespread use over rural areas (police and EMS / medevac) as well as offshore.

The variants used by the German Army are the Bo 105P and Bo 105M.

* Bo 105P with its army designation "PAH-1" and "PAH-1A1" for the upgraded version (PAH=Panzerabwehrhubschrauber; 'Tank-defence helicopter'), is an anti-tank helicopter armed with wire-guided HOT ATGMs (HOT2 for the upgraded A1 version). Most of them are being replaced with the new UH Tiger multirole attack helicopter, some will still stay in service till the end of their life span. The outphased PAH's are going to be disarmed and downgraded to the VBH version.
* Bo 105M with its army designation "VBH" (Verbindungshubschrauber; 'connection chopper'), is a light transport and surveillance helicopter. They were outphased and replaced by disarmed and modified PAH1.
* NBO-105: Manufactured by IPTN under licence from MBB (now Eurocopter) since 1976; only rotors and transmission now supplied by Germany; originally NBO-105 CB, but stretched NBO-105 CBS available from 101st aircraft onwards.
* BO 105 Executaire: Boeing Vertol and Carson Helicopters manufactured a 24.5 cm stretched version of the Bo 105 under license as the Executaire in an attempt to break into the U.S. light helicopter market, but sales were dismal.

Military variants include light transport, reconnaissance and antitank versions and were (and/or still are) used by:

NATO

* Flag of Germany Germany
* Flag of Netherlands Netherlands
* Flag of Spain Spain


Non-NATO

* Flag of Albania Albania
* Flag of Bahrain Bahrain
* Flag of Brunei Brunei
* Flag of Chile Chile
* Flag of Colombia Colombia
* Flag of Indonesia Indonesia
* Flag of Iraq Iraq
* Flag of Jordan Jordan
* Flag of Kenya Kenya
* Flag of Lesotho Lesotho
* Flag of Mexico Mexico
* Flag of Niger Niger
* Flag of Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea
* Flag of Peru Peru
* Flag of Philippines Philippines
* Flag of Sierra Leone Sierra Leone
* Flag of South Korea Republic of Korea
* Flag of Sweden Sweden
* Flag of Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago
* Flag of United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates
* Flag of Uruguay Uruguay

Civilian

* Flag of Canada Canada: Coast Guard
* Flag of South Africa South Africa: Police Service
* Flag of Indonesia Indonesia:
o Indonesian Police
o Indonesian Forestry Dept
o Pelita Air Service

General characteristics

* Crew: 1 or 2 pilots
* Capacity: 4
* Length: 11.86 m (ft in)
* Rotor diameter: 9.84 m (ft in)
* Height: 3.00 m (ft in)
* Empty weight: 1,301 kg (lb)
* Useful load: 1,199 kg (kg)
* Max takeoff weight: 2,500 kg (lb)
* Powerplant: 2× Allison 250-C20B turboshaft engines, 298 kW (400 shp) each

Performance

* Maximum speed: 242 km/h (131 knots)
* Range: 564 km (nm)Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, with no Front-Cover Texts, and with no Back-Cover Texts.
Virtual Magic is a human knowledge database blog. Text Based On Information From Wikipedia, Under The GNU Free Documentation License. Copyright (c) 2007 Virtual Magic. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.1 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License".

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